Halloween is an event that falls on the 31st of October, the name comes from combining the phrase “All Hallows Eve”, the night before All Saints (Hallows) Day.
That is the only thing that is absolutely certain about Halloween, because it has histories that have been written to challenge the pagan culture. With Colonisation when the Church conquered along with Britain they would Christianise the festivals and customs of the locals to bring the cultures closer together (another example is the ‘Day of the Dead’). Or alienate people they considered to far from the values they wanted, like witches.
The ancient Celts, on Samhain (Sow-en) asked for favour over their upcoming harvests. The celebration started at sunset on the 31st of October and goes through until 1st of November. They celebrated by wearing meaningful costumes and dancing around a bonfire.
Some Christians say Halloween is the most Satanic festival of the year and believe those who celebrate it are worshiping the devil. This has inspired a whole range of horror themed Halloween ideas, which are a lot of fun to watch.
So how do you celebrate Halloween (The most retweets would seem to the most favoured method)?
In Australia Halloween is a relatively new widespread celebration. Some Australians may see it as a fun idea to dress up, eat lollies and have a party… Others might not get quite into the spirit of things, or refuse to celebrate as it’s not a part of our culture.
A brief history of Yallourn – photos used – top: is a postcard from the 1920-1930’s and the Left: Broadway in 1930’s and Right: The cover of Welcome to Little Europe used with permission.
A town memoralised in fountains of good memories. Really the only thing missing in way of a memorial is a fountain. I guess one of the benefits of having an expiration date, with a defined ending to a town makes people consider the good things which they put in writing defending their town. Sharing stories of their town to whoever would listen in an effort to save it, would cement a lot of those stories, reminiscing over the good things that happened. It united them. While the site of the town is no more they have preserved a virtual Yallourn. A place of reminiscing and loads of photos, and a community, whilst no longer located in the same space, a vibrant community none-the-less. They have annual reunions.
I should back up for the readers who aren’t in the Latrobe Valley, or wider Gippsland.
Yallourn, the name is a combination of two GunaiKurnai words Yalleen meaning Brown and Lourne meaning Fuel or Fire. The Brown Coal (also known as lignite coal) was the reason for its inception and it’s destruction. This was the second attempt to mine the brown coal in what is now known as the Latrobe Valley. A previous attempt had failed due to the moisture and the NSW black coal being more viable. The part of the process we had the most difficulty with was creating briquettes to fire up the boilers, after a change of management to the Victorian State Government who set up the State Electricity Commission (SEC as it was more commonly known), hiring of some German experts in briquette making Yallourn was born, and there was a future for Yallourn to power the whole state. The power industry and mining created an employment boom, the numbers in the town and surrounding camps grew.
Yallourn was a company town, run by the company to house the workers, and administration. This posed it’s own challenges. In the 1930’s volunteer community groups had sprung up to help build Yallourn and bring heart and soul, with dancing, bands, and a whole host of other communal activities. The Boulevard was completed as originally planned shortly after world war one, with shops and the theater.
In 1968 there was discussions the town was too costly to maintain, and in 1971 the residents told it would shut down. The residents rallied to save the town, to no avail. By 1981 the town was a ghost town, the last residents remember watching the bones of the town leave on the back of trucks, it wasn’t the same place they’d fought to save. The brick buildings, built with bricks stamped with the towns name on them, where also shipped out as they dismantled buildings and built them elsewhere. A little piece of Yallourn has moved to all corners of the state, a lot of it stayed in the Latrobe Valley, but some of those houses moved far away.
Sestokas, Josef. Welcome To Little Europe. Sale, Vic.: Little Chicken Publishing, 2010. Print.
Welcome to Little Europe: Displaced Persons and the North Camp by Josef Sestokas
This is an excellent history of the people who migrated and lived in the North Camp. It has history about Yallourn as well, because that was the major employer in the area. This book also looks at immigration policy and how that affected migrants of the North Camp. It describes the conditions from the early settlement of Yallourn and the surrounding camps. I found it an enthralling read and great resource on Yallourn and the Brown Coal Mine (which was the North camp and today is called Yallourn North).
This is the ABC Radio National Broadcast, called The Model Town and the Machine: A history of Yallourn. Part 1 and part 2
I found this really inspiring listening to the accounts told and feelings conveyed throughout.
Is a wonderful collection of stories from residents of Yallourn with a little bit of an introduction at the start. There are lots of pictures, and the personal recollections are a great record of everyday life in and around Yallourn.
“To Yallourn with Love”
The photos in the meme, postcard and broadway are both out of copyright but here is the links to find them at the State Library of Victoria